The resource exploitation and marketing project of the 26 community forests of Kadey is a major activity of the support project of the Kadey Federation of Community Forests in the process of obtaining legality certificates and timber trade. The realization of an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) is necessary so as to ensure that the exploitation of forest in done in an environmentally friendly manner. This is the case of the HE KEN MBOMBOU community forest association of DONGALI.
To conduct the study, the methodology used consisted of: literature review, field work, data analysis and report writing. A literature review on the project helped to established in a participatory manner during the planning mission a calendar for public consultation (meetings and focus groups) with all stakeholders. After the Planning Mission, a memoire describing the project was submitted to the Minister of Environment, Nature Protection and Sustainable Development (MINEPDED) for approval. In addition, data on the human environment were collected. The second mission focused on public consultation in the village, meetings with administrative authorities, municipal authorities and representatives of civil society. During this phase, additional data (socio-economic, cultural and visual observations in the field) were collected.
The study, conducted in a participatory manner with all stakeholders, revealed a number of impacts, both positive and negative on the biophysical and human environment.
The positive impacts include:
– Job creation and increase in revenue;
– Increase in the FC exploitation benefits;
– Improvement of the technical capacity of the populations in logging and wood processing;
– Improvement of social and housing infrastructures.
Negative impacts were also identified among which are:
– Air pollution;
– Contribution to climate change;
– Noise pollution;
– Soil pollution and congestion;
– Pollution of surface and groundwater and congestion of river beds;
– Destruction of vegetation cover and flora;
– Habitat alteration and scaring away of wildlife;
– Low valorization of timber potential;
– Contribution to illegal logging;
– Risk of NTFPs destruction;
– Risk of perpetuating poverty and underdevelopment;
– Improvement in the level of education;
– Risk of degradation of earth roads and bridges;
– Risk of increase in the prevalence of STI / HIV-AIDS and unwanted pregnancies;
– Risk of fire;
– Risk of workplace accidents and occupational diseases development;
– Risk of traffic accidents;
– Contribution to poaching;
– Marginalization of women;
– Marginalization and impoverishment of Baka;
– Development of conflict.
Measures were proposed to mitigate or optimize identified impacts. These measures revolve around the following aspects: preservation of air quality and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions; protection of forest resources; protection of soil, surface water and underground water; protection of road assets and prevention of traffic accidents; sensitization of workers and local populations; conflict prevention and management, improvement of the social climate and local governance; protection of workers, people and equipment and local development.
Recommendations were made in particular:
– Empower the Chief of Service for Health and Environment Safety (linked to ASFOCKA) in the implementation of the ESMP;
– Take into account the parameters for elements requiring environmental monitoring of the project;
– Kindly consider the complaints laid by women and Bakas who are the vulnerable groups in the community.
With the effective implementation of the recommended measures, the exploitation and commercialization of the forest resources of HE KEN MBOMBOU Association will be a lever for sustainable development and environmental protection in Dongali village.